The development of photovoltaics and wind energy is one of the main changes envisioned by the Energy Strategy 2050 for Switzerland's future energy supply. This evolution poses a major challenge for the power grid, especially in regard to the load on the grid.
To date, it has been easy to predict this load: power producers know from experience at what times industry and households require electricity. In addition, energy production from nuclear and hydroelectric power plants is constant and therefore straightforward to calculate and control.
This situation will change dramatically once the planned energy turnaround is launched. Power production from many small, decentralised sources will lead to major fluctuations. Depending on the time of day, the weather and the season, solar and wind power plants will cause massive fluctuations in a power grid that was not designed for such inconstancies.